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细节理解题的解题步骤和方法

细节理解题的解题步骤和方法

分类:高三英语教案   更新:2013/1/26   来源:网友提供

细节理解题的解题步骤和方法

细节理解题的解题步骤和方法一、教学引入细节理解题.是高考英语阅读理解最重要的一类题型。根据我的分类,所有的阅读理解题型按照答案在icroorganismsmultiplyrapidlyindirtyplacesandinwarmtemperatures.Thismeansthatpeopleshou

细节理解题的解题步骤和方法
一、教学引入
细节理解题.是高考英语阅读理解最重要的一类题型。根据我的分类,所有的阅读理解题型按照答案在icroorganisms multiply rapidly in dirty places and in warm temperatures. This means that people should never touch food with ditty hands or put food on unwashed surfaces. Food should be kept in a refrigerator to stop microorganisms from gnawing. Meat needs to be cooked thoroughly to kill any dangerous microorganisms. People should also wash food covered with chemicals before eating it. Finally, people should not eat raid mushrooms or other foods that grow in the wild. Some of these foods may contain natural materials that are poisonous to humans. In addition, some types of fish can be poisonous.
      Most people recover from food poisoning after a few days of resting and drinking extra water. If people eat natural poisons, they must go to the hospital right away to have their stomachs emptied.
51. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
    A. Food when poisoned can make people sick.
B. Food poisoning means death.
    C. Food poisoning comes in varieties.
D. Food poisoning can be serious.
52. We know from the passage that the symptoms of food poisoning        .
A. are always accompanied by a fever
B. are too common to be noted
C. can be noticed within hours
D. can be ignored
53. Food poi soning can be caused by all the following EXCEPT      .
A. some chemicals       B. low tempertures 
C. some tiny living things  D. certain natural materials
54. From Paragraph 5, we can learn that
    A. mushrooms should not be eaten
    B. vegetables are safer than meat and seafood
    C. natural poisons are more dangerous than chemicals
D. different types of food should be handled differently
55. It can be inferred from the passage that
    A. natural materials are safe in food processing
B. chemicals are needed in food processing
    C. food poisoning can be kept under control
D. food poisoning is out of control
该篇cKinley know Ms. Schatzman’s opinion of the chi tea?
【2010山东】57. Diabeitcrockstar.com was created for      .
【2010湖南】62, We can know that before 1995 Mary      .
【2010四川】46. What is an advantage of the buildings meeting the Green Communities Standards?
在上面的例子当中,表示地名的California, New York, Europe;表示人名的 Christy McKinley, Ms. Schatzman,表示时间的1995 以及大写的特殊专有名词Diabeitcrockstar.com, Green Communities Standards等都是定位词,在原y brothers and I all loved Brownie and did different things with her. One of us would walk her, another would feed her ,then there were baths, playing catch and many other games . Brownie, in return, loved each and every one of us. One thing that most touched my heart was that she would go to whoever was sick and just be with them. We always felt better when she was around.
41. What would Brownie do when someone was ill in the family?
        A. Look at them sadly.                     B. Keep them company.
      C. Play games with them.                   D. Touch them gently.
 这里原arch, she won the National Book Critics Circle Award for “Versed.”
“This book has gotten more attention,” Armantrout said, “but I don’t feel as if it’s better.”
The first half of “Versed” focuses on the dark forces taking hold of the United States as it fought the war against Iraq. The second half looks at the dark forces casting a shadow over her own life after Armantrout was diagnosed with cancer in 2006.
Armantrout was shocked to learn she had won the Pulitzer but many of her colleagues were not. “Rae Armantrout is a unique voice in American poetry,” said Seth Lerer, head of Arts and Humanities at UCSD.
“Versed”, published by the Wesleyan University Press, did appear in a larger printing than her earlier works, which is about 2,700 copies. The new edition is scheduled to appear in May.
66. According to Rae Armantrout, ____________.
A. her 10th book is much better    
B. her winning the Pulitzer is unexpected
C. the media is surprised at her works   
D. she likes being recognized by her readers
 我们发现,这是一个离散型细节理解题,题干中没有明显的定位词(exican Riviera, the stresses(压力) of the world seem a million miles away. Hey, stop! This is no vacation-you have to finish something!
Here lies the problem for travel writer and food critic(评论家),Edie Jarolim “I always loved traveling and always liked to eat, but it never occurred to me that I could make money doing both of those things,” Jarolim said. Now you can read her travel advice everywhere in Arts and Antiques, in Brides, or in one of her there books, The Complete Idiot’s Travel Guide to Mexican Beach Resorts.
Her job in travel writing began some eight years ago. After getting a PhD in English in Canada, she took a Test Frommer’s travel guides, passed it, and got the job. After working at Frommer’s, Jarolim worked for a while at Rough Guides in London, then Fodor’s, where she fell so in love with a description of the Southwest of the U.S. that she moved there.
Now as a travel writer, she spends one-third of her year on the road. The rest of the time is spent completing her tasks and writing reviews of restaurants at home in Tucson, Arizona.
As adventurous as the job sounds, the hard part is fact-checking all the information. Sure, it’s great to write about a tourist attraction, but you’d better get the local(当地的)museum hours correct or you could really ruin someone’s vacation.
48. What do we know about Jarolim from the text?
A.She is successful in her job
B.She finds her life full of stresses
 C.She spends half of her time traveling
D.She is especially interested in museums
 这是一个分散型细节理解题,干扰选项分布在issouri(MU) researchers are developing a nuclear energy source that is smaller, lighter and more efficient.
“To provide enough power, we need certain methods with energy density(密度),”said Jae kwon, assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering at MU. “The radioisotope(放射性同位素) battery can provide power density that is much higher than chemical batteries.”
Kwon and his research team have been working on building a small nuclear battery, recently the size and thickness of a penny, intended to power various micro/nanoelectromechanical systems(M/NEWS).Although nuclear batteries can cause concerns, Kwon said they are safe.
“People hear the word ‘nuclear’ and think of something very dangerous,” he said. “However, nuclear power sources have already been safely powering a variety of devices, such as pace-makers, space satellites and underwater systems.”
His new idea is  not only in the battery’s size, but also in its semiconductor(半导体). Kwon’s battery uses a liquid semiconductor rather than a solid semiconductor.
“The key part of using a radioactive battery is that when you harvest the energy, part of the radiation energy can damage the lattice structure(晶格结构) of the solid semiconductor, ” Kwon said. “By using a liquid semiconductor, we believe we can minimize that problem.”
Together with J. David Robertson, chemistry professor and associate director of the MU Research Reactor, Kwon is working to build and test the battery. In the future, they hope to increase the battery’s power, shrink its size and try with various other materials. Kwon said that the battery could be thinner than the thickness of human hair.
74. According to Jae Kwon, his nuclear battery       .
A. uses a solid semiconductor
B. will soon replace the present ones
C. could be extremely thin
D. has passed the final test
 这也是一个离散型细节理解题,需要我们在做题时先浏览一下选项对选项中的关键词有所印象,然后在回到原文中寻找对应部位。在本题里A选项说Kwon的电池用的是固态半导体,而根据定位词找到的倒数第三段最后一句显示他的电池用的是更为先进的液态半导体,所以A选项是与原文事实相反的;D选项说电池已经通过了最后的测试,而最后一段第二句谈到测试时说道Kwon正在努力制造和测试电池,所以D选项把未然变成了已然,应该排除。B选项是对原文的过度猜测,无法推测出这种原子电池能够迅速地替代现在的电池。因此本题的正确答案应该选C选项,在最后两句中我们了解到这种电池可能变得很轻薄。
四、总结
 总而言之,要做好占高考英语阅读理解大部分题量的细节题,我们需要用好顺序原则、定位词、排除法这三大法宝。在做题时,按照题号顺序在相应的区域寻找答案。先看题干,标出题干中的定位词,然后根据找到的定位词回到原文寻找定位词在文章中的出处。在遇到模棱两可,难以作出选择的答案是,不妨采用排除法。这就要求我们对正确选项的特点干扰项的特点都有一个较全面的了解。只要同学们用好了这三大法宝,在考试中集中注意力,仔细审题,我相信在解答细节理解题时一定会有游刃有余,得心应手的感觉。

 

 

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