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动名词语法要点

动名词语法要点

分类:高三英语教案   更新:2013/1/26   来源:网友提供

动名词语法要点

动名词语法要点1Seeingisbelieving./Cf.Toseeistobelieve.眼见为实(对称原则)2*Itisnouse/nogood/uselessdoing做…(没)有用Itisawasteoftime(/worthwhile)doingsth.做…是浪费时间/是值得的(注意是I

动名词语法要点
1   Seeing is believing./ Cf. To see is to believe.眼见为实( 对称原则)
2  * It is no use/ no good/ useless doing  做…(没)有用
It is a waste of time (/worthwhile) doing sth.做…是浪费时间/ 是值得的(注意是It is 开头)
区别 It is important/ necessary/ essential/ possible… to do sth.
3 There is no sense/no point/no harm (in) doing sth.做..没有意义/ 做…没有坏处
区别  There is no need to do sth 没必要做…                  (注意是There is 开头) 
4 下列动词跟动名词doing做宾语 imagine想象, miss错过, mind介意, avoid避免, admit承认, appreciate感谢, keep继续, escape逃避, enjoy, excuse原谅, risk冒险, resist抵制,反对 , delay推迟, deny否认, dislike, suggest建议, stand忍受, fancy想象, finish, forgive , consider考虑, practise练习, postpone推迟, pardon原谅, understand
5 * allow, advise, forbid, permit 后跟的动词形式有两种:eg. allow doing / allow sb to do
6  require, want, need, deserve后跟动名词用主动形式(表示被动意义),但不定式用被动形式 The window needs cleaning.= The window needs to be cleaned.
7. * remember to do 记得去做/forget to do 忘记去做/regret to do 很遗憾的做
    remember doing 记得做过/forget doing 忘记是否做过/regret doing后悔做过
8.  * mean to do  打算做            & mean doing意味着…
    * try to do  努力做              & try doing 试着做
    *go on to do  继续做(下一件事)& go on doing 继续做(刚才没完成的事)
     *stop to do 停下去做别的事      &stop doing 停下手里正在做的事
     *can't help (to) do  不能帮忙做   &can’t help doing忍不住
     * be afraid to do  不敢去做       & be afraid of doing害怕(某种结果)
9. to 在下列词组中是介词,接n./doing,
 be devoted to致力于做  object to 反对    lead to 导致 
close to接近    look forward to doing期待 in addition to doing除了
be equal to doing等于;胜任get down to doing开始做 object to /be opposed to doing反对
turn to 求助于   see to 照料    be reduced to  沦为
when it comes to 当谈到 pay attention to doing注意 on one’s way to doing,在做.的过程中
be used to/be accustomed to习惯,      give one’s mind/time to doing专心于
10 跟动名词的常用词组: feel like doing想要, give up doing放弃, put off doing推迟,
can’t stand doing不能忍受, be worth doing值得, have a hard time doing , be busy doing, go doing, be sure of, be keen on喜欢, be fond of喜欢, insist on坚持, be tired of, be interested in, be afraid of, prevent…from doing,  have trouble/difficulty (in) doing做某事有困难, spend/waste… (in) doing…, have a hard/ good time doing
e.g. The book is worth reading again.
Guilin is worth visiting/ Guilin is worth a visit.

 

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