1. have sb do =make sb do : have me do the job
have sb doing : have me waiting for hours
have sth done: 被动关系 have my bike repaired
have trouble/difficulty (in) doing / have a hard time (in) doing
won’t have sb doing: 决不允许 I won’t have you cheating
2. get sb to do: get the worker to fix the machine
get sth doing: get the car going
get sth done: get the car started
get done get caught/ promoted/paid
3. make sb do: make me wait
make sb/sth done make oneself understood/ make my view known
4. keep sb/sth doing keep me waiting
keep sb/sth done keep me informed of the news
keep sb/sth from doing keep me from waiting
5. leave sb/sth doing leave me thinking/wondering
leave sb/sth done leave the job unfinished
6. set sb doing set us laughing
7. start sb/sth doing start us thinking
8. send sb/sth doing send us wondering
9. want sb to do want me to help him
want sth (to be ) done want the job ( to be ) done
10 wish sb to do wish you to win
wish sth ( to be ) done wish myself told the truth
11. catch sb doing 当场抓住某人做…
12.remain standing/sitting/ thinking 仍然
remain seated/ untouched/ unfinished仍然
remain to be solved/ discovered/ found 有待 （被动式）
13 udging from …, 从 判断
Speaking of/ Talking of /Thinking of….,谈及
Generally speaking/ 大体而言Frankly speaking坦白而言
He came in, with a girl standing beside him.
, with his hands tied.
, with a gun in his hand.
, gun in hand（没有a,没有one’s）
, with no shoes on.
, with the door open.(with the door closed/ shut)
With a lot of work to do, I stayed at the company.
15 The accident that happened yesterday was horrible. 正确(不能用happening做定语，ing分词表示正在进行)
The accident happened yesterday was horrible.错误,因为有两个谓语
There is a car coming.
16 This is the best film ever made. ( 不用having been made)
注意：having done/ having been done/not having done/ not having been done 不能做定语， 只能做状语！！！！
17 I went home, only to see my house broken into. 我到家却发现房子被人闯入过了。（结果状语，令人意外吃惊的结果）
I left work without notice, thus making the office a mess. 我不告而别，令办公室一团糟。（结果状语，自然的结果）
I went into the shop only to find a shelter from the rain. …只是为了找个躲雨的地方。（目的状语）
I succeeded, using this method. 方式状语
be lost in thought 陷入沉思
be buried in 陷入；埋入
fix one’s eyes on sth/ one’s eyes are fixed on sth. 眼睛盯着…看
be absorbed in sth/doing 专注于
well-behaved children 表现好的小孩
all the people (who are) concerned 所有牵涉到的人
the girl wearing a jacket/ the girl dressed in a jacket
He came in, following his students.
He came in, followed by his students.
Facing the problem, I gave up.
Faced with the problem, I gave up.
The problem facing me, I gave up.独立主格结构
Given sth/ Given that…考虑到…
Provided( that) / Providing that
,including sb cf. , sb included
a missing child cf. a missed train
hidden treasure cf. a hiding place
freezing weather cf. frozen food
weakening cf. weakened
Because there is not enough money, he can’t go to Europe.原因状语从句
There is not enough money, so he can’t go to Europe. 并列句
=There being not enough money, he can’t go to Europe. 独立主格结构
Time/Weather permitting, we’ll go picnicking独立主格结构
My father being ill, I had to look after him. 独立主格结构
My feet tied, I couldn’t move. 独立主格结构
Many students coming late, we delayed the meeting. 独立主格结构
Knowing the truth, I didn’t want to tell him. 分词结构(逻辑主语必须一致)