搭配:blame sb. for sth. 因为某事责备某人 blame sth. on sb. 把…归咎于某人 be to blame (for sth.) 某人(因为某事)要受到责备 lay/put blame on 把 …. 归咎于 take the blame for sth. 承担…的责任
例句: He has been soundly defeated at chess.他在象棋比赛中一败涂地。
defeat 多指在战争,比赛, 竞选或辩论中战胜对手,尤指“军事上的胜利”。
win+ a game/ a race/an election/a victory/a champion/ (1st,2nd …)prize/scholarship/a gold medal/sb’s trust/love/respect/a battle/a war.
运用:1)We ________ their team by ten points.
2)Jack _______the race at last.
3)He returned to his hometown after the army ________ Japan.
2. attend :参加,出席,上学,到场; 照顾,看护
用法:attend sth 出席,参加 attend (to sb./ sth.) 注意,专心
attend to sb./ sth. 照顾,关照某人/某事 a
tte nd (on) sb. 看护,照料某人
搭配:attend class/ school 上课/学
attend a wedding/a ceremony / a funeral/a le cture/a party
atten d做参加讲,宾语通常为 meeting,lecture,funeral,ceremony,party,school等。
join in 指参加比赛或活动,其中in可以作介词或副词。
take part in 指参加某项集体活动,并在其中起积极作用,可指参加工作,活动,学习等。
运用:1)My father __________ a revolutionary or ganization in 1938.
2)Why didn’t you _________ the talk last night?
3)We’ll __________ social activities during the summer vacation.
4)He will __________ an important meeting tomorrow.
搭配:be exposed to 招致,暴露于,感染(病) expose…to… 使...受到/接触…
运用:Those who pig flu were separated and treated without delay.
It is considered to be almost a crime to on TV .
keep indoors and ______________________________________.
4. cure v治愈疾病,纠正,去除(弊端等); n 治愈,治疗方法,对策
例句:She tried every means to cure her child of the bad habit.
Most of the patients can be cured of the disease.
So far, the cure for AIDS has not been found yet.
It is a pity that there is no easy cure for loneliness.
运用:Scientists have recently succeeded in developing a kind of new vaccine to__________ people of bird flu effectively.
A. deal B. treat C. cure D. prevent
5 . absorb v. 吸收(液体,声音,光线,知识等),吸引(注意力)
搭配:absorb one’s attention 吸引某人注意 be absorbed in 专心致志于
be absorbed into 被吸入(并入)
运用:(1)She was ________________that novel that she didn’t realize the food had got burned.
(2)Several small companies are ______________ the big one.
(3)be lost in… 陷入…中,沉溺于某事中
______________, he almost ran into the car in front of him.
(4)I was so interested in these new ideas that I ________ them without thinking.
6 suspect: v怀疑,认为是 n.嫌疑犯,可疑的人
用法:suspect +sb/sth 认为是某人、某事
suspect sb of sb/doing sth 怀疑某人是/做某事
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