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高中英语必修5Unit 1第三课时导学案

高中英语必修5Unit 1第三课时导学案

分类:高三英语教案   更新:2014/4/8   来源:网络

高中英语必修5Unit 1第三课时导学案

7.blame v.责备 搭配:blame sb. for sth. 因为某事责备某人 blame sth. on sb. 把…归咎于某人 be to blame (for sth.) 某人(因为某事)要受到责备 lay/put blame on 把 …. 归咎于 take the blame for sth. 承担…的责任
    高中英语必修5Unit 1第三课时导学案
    【学习目标】
    熟练掌握文中重点单词和短语,并了解重要句型的表达法。
    知识点学习:
    1.defeat 使受挫;打败
    例句: He has been soundly defeated at chess.他在象棋比赛中一败涂地。
    辨析:defeat/win/beat
    defeat 多指在战争,比赛, 竞选或辩论中战胜对手,尤指“军事上的胜利”。
    win 多指赢得比赛,奖励,胜利,尊重,名声,战争等。
    win+ a game/ a race/an election/a victory/a champion/ (1st,2nd …)prize/scholarship/a gold medal/sb’s trust/love/respect/a battle/a war.
    beat 指彻底打败,后多接人或团体。
    运用:1)We ________ their team by ten points.
    2)Jack _______the race at last.
    3)He returned to his hometown after the army ________ Japan.
    2. attend :参加,出席,上学,到场; 照顾,看护
    用法:attend sth   出席,参加         attend (to sb./ sth.)   注意,专心
    attend to sb./ sth.    照顾,关照某人/某事     a
    tte nd (on) sb.      看护,照料某人
    搭配:attend class/ school  上课/学    
    attend a wedding/a ceremony / a funeral/a le cture/a party
    参加婚礼/典礼/葬礼/演讲/聚会
    atten d做参加讲,宾语通常为 meeting,lecture,funeral,ceremony,party,school等。
    join 指加入某组织或团体,成为其中一员,如“参军,入团,入党”等。
    join in 指参加比赛或活动,其中in可以作介词或副词。
    take part in 指参加某项集体活动,并在其中起积极作用,可指参加工作,活动,学习等。
    运用:1)My father __________ a revolutionary or ganization in 1938.
    2)Why didn’t you _________ the talk last night?
    3)We’ll __________ social activities during the summer vacation.
    4)He will __________ an important meeting tomorrow.
    3.expose 使面临,使遭遇(危险,攻击,嘲笑等);使暴露(常与介词to搭配)
    搭配:be exposed to 招致,暴露于,感染(病)    expose…to…  使...受到/接触…
    运用:Those who              pig flu were separated and treated without delay.
    感染猪流感的人被及时隔离和治疗。
    It is considered to be almost a crime to                     on TV .
    让孩子接触暴力电视节目几乎是一种犯罪行为。
    keep indoors and ______________________________________.
    (不要暴露你的皮肤于阳光下)
    4. cure v治愈疾病,纠正,去除(弊端等); n 治愈,治疗方法,对策
    例句:She tried every means to cure her child of the bad habit.
    Most of the patients can be cured of the disease.
    So far, the cure for AIDS has not been found yet.
    It is a pity that there is no easy cure for loneliness.
    归纳:cure作动词时的习惯用法是                 ;作名词时经常和介词
    运用:Scientists have recently succeeded in developing a kind of new vaccine to__________ people of bird flu effectively.
    A. deal      B. treat      C. cure      D. prevent
    5 . absorb v. 吸收(液体,声音,光线,知识等),吸引(注意力)
    搭配:absorb one’s attention 吸引某人注意      be absorbed in 专心致志于
    be absorbed into 被吸入(并入)
    运用:(1)She was ________________that novel that she didn’t realize the food had got burned.
    (2)Several small companies are ______________ the big one.
    (3)be lost in… 陷入…中,沉溺于某事中
    ______________, he almost ran into the car in front of him.
    陷入沉思,他差点撞到前面的车上。
    (4)I was so interested in these new ideas that I ________ them without thinking.
    6 suspect: v怀疑,认为是   n.嫌疑犯,可疑的人
    用法:suspect +sb/sth   认为是某人、某事
    suspect+that     怀疑……
    suspect sb of sb/doing sth   怀疑某人是/做某事
    运用:警察怀疑他是间谍。                                         
    我觉得他可能是对的。                            &nbs

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