To talk about computer
To read about computer
I. Warming up
Warming up by talking about computer
Look at the pictures on page 17. What are they? What do they have in common? Yes, they are computers. Then what is a computer?
A computer is a machine which stores knowledge in its memory and does calculations on that knowledge. This knowledge is stored in symbols; it is called data. A computer usually has a monitor to show results. However, some computers can speak; these computers can be used for voice mail.
A computer frequently requires a boot device. The boot device contains the computer’s operating system and data. Computer programs can be installed onto a computer. Some people think that computers are less useful if they do not have access to the Internet. They think this because the Internet allows the computers to send and receive data and email across the world.
A computer is now almost always an electronic device. It usually contains materials which are toxic; these materials will become toxic waste when disposed of. When a new computer is purchased in some places, laws require that the cost of its waste management must also be paid for. This is called product stewardship.
In some countries old computers are recycled (melted down) to get gold and other metals. This is dangerous, because this procedure releases the toxic waste into the water and soil.
Computers become obsolete quickly. Very often they are given away and new ones replace them within two or three years. This makes the problem worse. Computer recycling is thus common. Many projects try to send working computers to developing nations so they can be re-used and will not become waste as quickly.
Computer jargon 计算机行话
Computer jargon means words to do with computers and surrounding topics. Knowing what these words mean can help you know more about computers. Some people use these words to impress other people (Also known as buzzwords).
Examples of jargon:
Bit - The smallest data unit, can either be a “0.” or a “1.”.
Byte - unit of data. See also Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte and Nibble
CPU –Central Processing Unit, Another name for processor
Data - Information stored on a computer
Disk - A place to store data.
Email - Electronic mail.
GHz - Gigahertz. Used often incorrectly to describe the speed of a processor. But with some 2.4 GHz processors faster than 3.6 GHz ones, it is clear that it is just a salesman trick.
Load - Get data from a disk
Nibble - Half a Byte
Save - Put data on a disk
RAM – random-access memory(随机存取存储器), the more the better.
USB - Universal Serial Bus(通用串行总线,一种简化了插接多种附件的薄型插座)
WWW - World Wide Web, part of the Internet
1. Questioning and answering What do you know about computer?
●Electronic machine capable of performing calculations and other manipulations of various types of data, under the control of a stored set of instructions. The machine itself is the hardware; the instructions are the program or software. Depending upon size, computers are called mainframes, minicomputers, and microcomputers. Microcomputers include desk-top and portable personal computers.
●A multi-function electronic device that can execute instructions to perform a task.
●A device that accepts information, processes it, and supplies an output. A computer usually contains memory, a control unit, arithmetic and logical units, and a means for input and output.
●a programmable hardware component that is controlled by internally stored programs and that can perform substantial computations (including arithmetic and logic operations) without human intervention. A computer typically consists of one or more processing units, memory units, and associated peripheral input and output devices.
●Related to automation and electronic data processing. The Library of Congress commonly classes most computer-related books in HF5548, QA75-76, Z52, T385, and some TK ranges.
●a machine for performing calculations automatically
calculator: an expert at calculation (or at operating calculating machines)
●A computer is a device or machine for making calculations or controlling operations that are expressible in numerical or logical terms. Computers are constructed from components that perform simple well-defined functions. The complex interactions of these components endow computers with the ability to process information. If correctly configured (usually by, programming) a computer can be made to represent some aspect of a problem or part of a system. If a computer configured in this way is give
2. Discussing and sharing How have computers changed our lives?
Someday soon, if you haven’t already, you’re likely to plug into the computer network nation growing in our midst. Computer terminals, or small computers connected via modem (a modulator/demodulator circuit for encoding/decoding computer chatter) to ordinary telephone lines, should be as ubiquitous as the telephone itself. They’re a much more useful and humane tool than the phone, and with corporate America behind them the networks will be everywhere----changing our lives more than any technology since the automobile.
Joining a computer network is the same as joining a community. Small systems are like villages, where new members are formally welcomed. The larger networks, the Source and CompuServe, for example, are cities-anonymous, full of life and events, but difficult to fit into.
1. Listening and reading to the recording of the text WHO AM I?
Turn to page 18 and listen and read to the recording of the text. Pay attention to the pauses, pronunciation and intonation of the native reader.
2. Reading aloud and underlining expressions
Now we are to read the text once again and underline all the expressions in the text. Put them down into your notebook after class as homework.
Collocations from WHO AM I?
begin as…, a calculating machine, be built as…, follow instructions from…, sound simple, at the time, a technological revolution, write a book, make…work, solve problems, become huge, had artificial intelligence, go back to…, the size of…, go by, change size, become small and thin, get quick, stand there by oneself, be connected by…, share information by…, talk to…, bring…into…, deal with…, communicate with…, serve the human race
3. Reading, identifying and settling
Attention, please! It is time to skim the text one more time and identify the difficult sentences. Try analyzing the structures of the difficult sentences and discuss them among your group members. You may also put your questions to me for help.
To chat is to talk about ordinary things that are not very important. You can chat to one person or to many people. People also use this word now for parts of the Internet where we can talk with many different people at the same time. Usually, you chat on the internet in a chat room or messaging service like AOL(American On-Line) Instant Messenger (AIM), Yahoo Messenger, or MSN Messenger.
4. Reading and transferring
Scan the text for information to complete the table below, describing the development of computer.
IV. Closing down by doing comprehending exercises
Turn to page 18 and in pairs do the comprehending exercises No. 1 and 2.
Period 2: A sample lesson plan for Learning about Language
(The Present Perfect Passive Voice)
To learn to useThe Present Perfect Passive Voice
To discover useful words and expression
To discover useful structures
I. Warming up by reading to the tape
To begin with, turn to page 18, listening to and reading to the recording of the text WHO AM I? Attention goes to the pauses and intonation, as well as the pronunciation of the reader.
II. Discovering useful words and expressions
In pairs do the exercises 1, 2 and 3 on pages 19 and 20. You must finish them in 10 minutes.
III. Learning about grammar
1. Passive Voice—Overview
Tense or Model Passive Sentence
Simple Present The TOEFL exam is given every six months.
Simple past The TOEFL exam was given last month.
Simple Future The TOEFL exam this year will be given on October15.
Present Continuous T