Fact and Fantasy教案
ake students familiar with some words and expressions on the topic.
Discussing the questions on P9 and then answer the questions:
Are they facts or fantasy?
Can you imagine how future science will change our life in 3000?
Step 2. Pre-reading
1. Show some pictures of Jules Verne’s work.
2. group work:
Why is Jules Verne called “the father of science fiction”?
(He laid the foundation of modern science fiction.)
Step 3. While-reading
1. Scanning: Ss read quickly and answer the following question:
How many of Verne’s works are mentioned in the passage?
2. Ss read and get the main ideas of each paragraph.
if you are asked to divide the passage into 3 parts, how will you do your work?
Part 1(para1): a brief introduction of Jules Verne;
Part2(Para2-5): one of his famous work---- 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea.
Part3(Para6): Another work---- Journey to the Center of the Earth.
Step 4. After-reading
Finish the post-reading Ex on P13.
Step 5. Assignment
1. surf the internet and get more information about Jules Verne and his works using search engines like yahoo or baidu. ( or just input the key words like Jules Verne into the address column of IE)
2. discussion: How do you think of the character of Captain Nemo?
Contents: difficulties in the passage.
Step 1. Warming up
Ask some Ss to present their homework.
Step 2. Learning about the language:
Play the tape for students to follow.
Teacher explain some language points in the text on page 19--20.
1. Many of the instrument in his novels will remind the reader of Dr Benjamin Franklin’s experiments with electricity.
This song reminds me of France.
Remind me to answer the letter.
I reminded her that the book would cost her much.
2. In their efforts to survive, they find themselves on the surface of the monster itself, which turns out to be a submarine.
in their efforts to ….“在他们努力。。。。时”
In their efforts to solve the problem, they proved themselves a group of strong team.
Make an effort; make every effort; without effort; spare no effort; in a common effort.
Turn out “结果是。。。， 最后情况是。。。。”
It turned out (to be ) fine.
The meeting turned out (to be ) a success.
3. They find themselves surrounded by colorful rocks, fishes, seashells and plants, all waving and moving slowly in the blue waters.
Find 后接宾语和宾补，“发现某人或某物。。。。”， 形容词名词介词短语非谓语动词等常做宾补。
They found English easy to learn.
I’m finding her a rather difficult person to work with.
When I woke up, I found myself in hospital.
They found the lost child hiding in the cave.
Step 3. Practice
Ss finish on page 14 by themselves and then check the answers.
Step 4. Assignment
1. Learn the useful expressions by heart.
2. Finish Ex1 –2 on page 90 on WB
3. read the whole passage aloud.
Contents: Grammar; talking and speaking
Step 1. Revision
Check the answers of Ex 1 -- 2 on page 90.
Step 2. Word formations
1. review the main ways of word formation: (the following may be of help during your teaching)
The main Processes of English Word-formation:
a. Prefixation: disagree, unimportant, non-smoker, minibus, overuse, antibiotics, underdeveloped, post-war, pre-school, renew, bimonthly, multi-racial;
b. Suffixation: percentage, girlhood, Londoner, hostess, employee, puzzlement, hopeless, changeable, talkative, deepen;
c. Conversion: desire—v. to long for, to wish/ n. strong longing, earnest wish; hit—v, to give a blow/ n. blow; They downed the tools.
d. Compounding: deadline, above-mentioned, chewing-gum, sun-bather, table talk, fathead, redcap, easygoing, sleep-walk,
The minor processes of English word-formation:
a. clipping or shortening: phone (for telephone), ad (for advertisement), prof (for professor), flu (for influenza), pub (for public house);
b. Acronyms(首字母缩略词): UN, VIP, NATO,DA (Doctor of Arts) , H-bomb (Hydrogen bomb);
c. Blending: branch, motel, Eurasia,
d. Back-formation: to beg from beggar, to baby-sit from baby-sitter, to greed from greedy.
e. Forming new words by analogy:
Moonrise is derived from the word sunrise by analogy.
Bark, giggle, bang, murmur.
2. Ss study examples on p14 and see if they can tell the processes of the words.
3. More exercises to consolidate the Grammar.
.EX1—4 on page 90-91 of WB.
Step 3. Talking
1. Ss four in one group and have a discussion about the topics on page 10.
2. Ss make notes during the discussion, and try to report the topic to the whole class.
Step 4. Speaking
Ss work in pairs and Learn to express beliefs and doubts:
The following structures are helpful to students:
1. I believe/ suppose …….
2. I doubt/ am not certain…..
3. It could be… but…..
4. It would take…
5. It is likely that…
6. I can’t imagine…
7. I can’t believe my eyes.
Writing on page 94.
Contents: Integrating skills:
Step 1. Warming up
Ask Ss to scan the passage and raise some questions:
Explain some difficulties if necessary:
I read all the books I could find that threw light on these matters.
Throw light on/upon…. “使。。。显得清楚”
His report at the meeting threw light on the cause of the disease.
The information throws light upon the mystery of the murder.
Step 2. Reading
1. Ss read the passage :
2. Help Ss to understand the passage entirely.
Step 3. Writing
Finish the writing task on p 16.
You can give Ss some strategies for writing a short essay, or give them an outline if necessary.
Step 1. Listening
1. Ss finish the listening task on page 12.
2. Ss listen to the tape again and check the answers.
Step 2. dealing with the Ex 1—3 on p 88 of Workbook.
Step 3. Listening skills
Give the students some tips on how to improve listening while checking the Ex.
a. make notes while listening;
b. grasp the most important information
Step 4. listen and reading:
First listen and then read the passage on p92.
Go over the important points in this unit once again, and give Ss some additional reading materials if possible.
Teachers can use this period freely.
Suggestion: Teachers can use this period to let Ss sum up what they have learned and explain what Ss couldn’t understand very well in this unit. Teachers can also add more practice in this period to consolidate what the Ss have learned. Finally, ask the Ss to finish Assessing on page 94. It is very important to improve their learning and let them have a sense of achieving gradually.
1.When do you think the inventions in the pictures above were made?(火车，电灯和蒸汽船)
2.When was electricity discovered and how was it used in the following two hundred years?
3.In the early nineteenth century, people had no idea what the inside of the earth might look like. Can you explain what we know about it today?
4.Write down eight key words that you expect to find in the reading passage below.
JULES VERNE: THE FATHER OF SCIENCE FICTION
Jules Verne was born in 1828, in France. His father sent him to Paris to study law, but instead Verne developed his love for the theatre. To make a living, Verne had to write and sell stories. Jules spent many hours in Paris libraries studying geology, physics and many other subjects. He used the latest ideas and technical inventions of his day in his books. Many of the instruments in his novels will remind the reader of Dr Benjamin Franklin’s experiments with electricity. By taking the scientific developments of his day one step further, Jules Verne laid the foundation of modern science fiction. He also suggested how inventions could be used in the future to allow man to do things that were considered impossible in his own time. Jules Verne died in 1905, long before any of his dreams came true.
At the beginning of 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, one of his most famous novels, ships are disappearing all over the world and it is believed to be caused by a sea monster. Dr Aronnax, his servant and a Canadian whale hunter set out to find the monster. After months of searching they find it and in the collision that follows, the three men are thrown overboard. In their efforts to survive, they find themselves on the surface of the monster itself, which turns out to be a submarine. They are taken on board and Captain Nemo decides not to kill them but makes them his permanent guests. From that day on they start planning their escape.
Captain Nemo takes them on a voyage across the oceans. The Nautilus is an extraordinary ship. The furniture is precious and huge glass windows that can be opened and closed give a view of the underwater world. The ship is also very strong and protected with thick iron plates. All that is needed for life on board comes from the ocean. Electricity is used for light, heating, power and to defend the ship against attacks. The food aboard the Nautilus is all sea food.
Dressed in diving suits, they walk around in this magic world, lighted by the lamps of the ship. They find themselves surrounded by colourful rocks, fishes, shells and plants, all waving and moving slowly in the blue waters.
Readers have wondered about the character of Captain Nemo ever since the book was published. You could say he is someone you will neither like nor dislike. You might think that he is a cruel man because he keeps Aronnax and the others as prisoners and destroys ships. But at other moment you will find him gentl
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