1. Fill in the chart on the next page and make a sketch of the animal as they saw.
sketch v. be slow to speak or act because one feels uncertain or unwilling; pause in doubt 犹豫；踌躇；迟疑；（因有疑虑而）停顿 eg:
She replied without hesitating.她毫不犹豫地作了回答。
△hesitation [ hezI′teI n] state of hesitating 犹豫 eg:
She agreed without hesitation. 她毫不犹豫地同意了。
12. horror [′h r ](1)n. feeling of intense fear or dismay; terror恐怖；恐惧；惊恐 eg:
To her horror she saw him fall. 她看见他跌下感到惊恐万状。
(2) adj. designed to entertain by arousing pleasurable feelings of horror, shock, etc.以恐怖、惊吓等并以此为乐的；引起恐怖的 eg:
This is a horror film. 这是一部恐怖电影。
13. grave[greIv] (1) n. hole dug in the ground for a dead body; mound of earth or monument over it 墓穴；坟墓；坟头；墓碑 eg:
I put some flowers on her grave. 我往她坟墓上放了一些花。
(2)adj. (of situations, etc.) needing careful consideration; serious（指情况等）需要认真考虑的；严重的；严峻的 eg:
This could cause grave consequences. 这会造成严重后果。
14. butcher [′b t ]n. person whose job is killing animals for food or cutting up and sellin meat 屠夫；肉商 eg:
I bought some meat at the butcher’s. 我在肉铺里买了一些肉。
15. curtain[′k tn] n.
①piece of material hung to cover a window, and usu. movable sideways窗帘 eg:
He drew the curtains. 他拉上了窗帘。
②screen of heavy material that can be raised or lowered at the front of a stage（舞台的）幕 eg:
The curtain rises. 幕启
16. lip[lIp]n. either of the flesh edges of the opening of the mouth 一片嘴唇
eg: She had a cigarette between her lips. 她叼着一支香烟。
17. brainstorm [′breInst m](1) n. sudden clever idea 灵机
(2)v. 献计献策 eg:
He brainstormed for the plan. 他为这个计划献计献策。
1. My father was not scientific, so I had to look for a road without having a map.我的父亲没有什么科学头脑，所以我不得不在没有指导的情况下自己摸索。（本句注意so引导的句子要意译。）
2. I found all that was taught at university very disappointing and decided that would pioneer a new way, explore unknown powers, and unfold to the word the deepest mysteries of nature.我发现大学里所教的一切东西都很令人失望。我决定要开辟一条新路，探索未知的能力并且向全世界展现自然界最深的奥秘。
句中的disappointing用来作宾补，表达“令人失望”之意，而disappointed的意思是“失望的”。基他类似的词还有：interesting, boring, tiring, frightening, exciting, surprising都含有“令人……”之意，而interested, bored, tired, frightened, excited, surprised都含有“感到……” 之意。
3. Although I knew how to create life, how to prepare a body for it with all its muscles and organs still remained a difficult job.尽管我知道如何创造生命，但如何用肌肉和器官为它（生命）准备一个生命体还是个很困难的工作。
句中although引导让步状语从句，how to create life和how to prepare…organs都是“连接副词+不定式”结构，前者作宾语，后者作主语。
1. —Have you heard from your son?
—Not yet. It’s not _________ ,for he’s so busy that he doesn’t often __________ home.
A. surprising; write to B. surprising; write
C. surprised; write to D. surprised; write
2. I have been dreaming __________ abroad.
A. to go B. go C. of going D. went
3. Twenty years later, the soldiers __________ in the battle gathered in the city.
A. living B. alive C. live D. lively
4. It was in 2,000, when I was studying in a middle school,__________ I joined the league.
A. where B. when C. in which D. that
5.__________ experience it is! I’ll never forget the days I spent in the forest.
A. What an exciting B. What an excited
C. What exciting D. What excited
6. The girl didn’t even look up, all her attention was __________ on the pretty doll.
A. paid B. given C. drawn D. fixed
7. The teacher couldn’t make himself __________ attention to because the students were so noisy.
A. pay B. paid C. to pay D. to be paid
8. He __________ to finish the work without help but failed.
A. succeeded B. practiced C. tried D. managed
9. At the shopping center, she didn’t know what __________ and __________ with an empty bag.
A. to buy; left B. to buy; leave
C. to be bought; left D. was to buy; leave
10. The little child was __________ by the __________ sound.
A. frightened; frightening B. frightened; frightened
C. frightened; frightenful D. frightening; frightful
11. Was it nine o’clock __________ you got to the school yesterday evening?
A. at which B. that C. until D. when
12. He opened the envelope,__________ the letter and began to read it.
A. unfolding B. folding C. unfolded D. folded
13. The gentleman __________ you told me yesterday proved to be a thief.
A. who B. about whom C. whom D. with whom
14. Where was it __________ you were born?
A. that B. place C. at which D. in which
15. The English play __________ my students acted at the New Year’s party was a great success.
A. for which B. at which C. in which D. on which
Since the beginning of time, man has been interested in the moon. Leonardo once said that one day a great machine bird would take a person to the moon and bring great _____1_____ to the home where he was born.
Four and a half centuries later, Leonardo’s ____2_____ was realized. Apollo Ⅱ took three Americans—Collins, Aldrin, and Armstrong—to the moon. The mission（飞行任务）did fill the whold world _____3____ great surprise, as Leonardo had said it _____4____. Numerous essays, articles, and books were written about man’s first moon mission. But perhaps the most interesting story was the _____5____ written before the event, over 100 years before.
In 1865, French author Jules Verne wrote a story about the first journey to the moon. His story was very _____6____ the 1969 Apollo Ⅱ mission.
Verne’s spacecraft _____7____ contained three men: two Americans and Frenchman. The spacecraft was _____8____ as being almost the same size as Apollo Ⅱ. The launch（发射）
9____ in Verne’s story was also in Florida. The spacecraft in _____10_____ was namd the “Columbia”.The Apollo Ⅱ command ship was also called “Columbia.”His account of sending the spacecraft into the space _____11____ easily have been written about how Apollo Ⅱ was sent into space.
Verne’s story was the same as the actual event in several other _____12____. The speed of Verne’s spacecraft was 36,000 feet per _____13____; Apollo’s was 35,533 feet per second. Verne’s spacecraft took 97 hours to reach the moon; Apollo’s time was 103 hours.________14____
Apollo’s spacemen, Verne’s spacemen took pictures of the moon’s surface, relaxed on their seats, cooked with gas, and _____15____ weightlessness. They too came down in the Pacific and were ____16_____ by an American warship.
What were the ____17____ for Jules Verne’s extreme accuracy in describing an event 100 years or more ____18____ it actually occurred? He ____19___ his writings on the laws of physics and astronomy. Nineteenth-century science and the vivid Verne’s imagination gave people an ____20____ accurate preview of one of the greatest events of the 20th century.
1. A. shame B. fear C. honor D. damage
2. A. plan B. idea C. design D. program
3. A. in B. by C. of D. with
4. A. would B. had C. was D. did
5. A. that B. one C. being D. some
6. A. different from B. similar to C. same as D. far from
7. A. exactly B. almost C. also D. hardly
8. A. thought of B. considered C. regarded D. described
9. A. address B. site C. time D. area
10. A. Verne’s story B. Florida C. 1865 D. 1965
11. A. might B. should C. must D. could
12. A. things B. matters C. measures D. respects
13. A. hour B. minute C. second D. day
14. A. Like B. To C. With D. Unlike
15. A. experienced B. suffered C. enjoyed D. caught
16. A. shot down B. picked up C. knocked over D. driven away
17. A. explanation B. results C. keys D. reasons
18. A. before B. after C. when D. as
19. A. depended B. worked C. spread D. based
20. A. unfortunately B. unbelievably C. actually D. exactly
hand-made 手工制作的 good-looking相貌好看的 dark-blue 深蓝
ill-treat 虐待 mass-produce 大规模生产 safe guard 保卫
however 然而 downstairs 在楼下
（5）合成代词 anybody nobody something