A Social Survey教案
odule 4 A Social Survey---My Neighbourhood
Grammar and Writing
The General Idea of This Period
Get the students to study further about the grammar: The Present Perfect Tense. Practice and improve the students’ writing ability. At the same time guide the Ss how to pronounce the stressed words in sentences.
1. The students will be able to learn more about the Present Perfect Tense.
2. Improve the students’ writing ability.
3. Practise pronouncing the stressed words in sentences.
Teaching Important Points
How to improve the Ss’ pronunciation and writing ability.
Teaching Difficult Point
How to help the Ss to learn the Present Perfect Tense.
Talking, practicing and writing.
1. the multimedia
2. the blackboard
Step 1 Greetings
Greet the whole class as usual.
Step 2 Revision
T: We have learned something about the Present Perfect Tense. Let’s look at these sentences.
(Show them on the screen.)
Say “True” or “False”:
1. I have read the instruction book but I don’t understand it.（ ）
2. I have written the letter, but I haven’t posted it yet.（ ）
3. I can’t find my glasses. Have you seen it?（ ）
4. I have bought the pen for three years.（ ）
5. The boy has fallen ill for two days.（ ）
6. Miss Li has come here since 2001.（ ）
Get the Ss to say “True” or “False” and correct them. Give more explanation about how to use the verbs and time. e.g. join, lost, buy, borrow, leave, go, come, arrive, die, marry, finish, complete, begin, start, etc. 在肯定句中不能和一段时间连用，要表达“他已完成工作三小时了”可用:
1. He finished the work three hours ago.
2. He has been through the work for 3 hours.
3. It is/has been three hours since he finished the work.
1.True 2.True 3.True 4.False 5.False 6.False
Step 3 Practice
T: Let’s look at this exercise: (show)
Choose the correct answers:
1. The price ________ but I doubt whether it will remain so.
A. went down
B. will go down
C has gone down
D. was going down
2.—You look like good friends.
—Yes, we are. We ________ each other since childhood.
B. got to know
C. have been knowing
D. have known
3.—Oh, it’s you! I didn’t recognize you.
—I ________ my hair cut and I ________ new glasses.
A had; was wearing
B. have had; am wearing
C had; wore
D. have; had wear
4.—We haven’t heard from Jane for a long time.
—What do you suppose ________ to her?
A. was happened
B. to happen
C. has happened
D. having happened
5. You don’t need to describe her. I ________ her several times.
A. had met
B. have met
(Check the answers with the whole class.)
2.D 从since childhood可知主句一定用现在完成时态，C项用现在完成进行时，动词一般不用状态动词。
Step 4 Pronunciation
T: Please open your books at Page 37.
Look at the dialogue. Listen to the tape carefully. Pay attention to the stressed words in sentences.
(Play the tape for the students listening. Then get several to read it. Check the mistakes with the whole class. At the same time give some explanation.)
Step 5 Practice
T: Writing is important for us. We should often practise. But first let’s look at these sentences. (show)
Complete the sentences with “and” “but” and “or”.
1.—I don’t like fish ________ chicken，and you?
—I don’t like fish ________ I like chicken very much.
2. There was no piano in the room ________ the singer didn’t mind.
3. The day breaks, ________ the birds are singing.
4.—Can you lend me a pound?
—I’m sorry, ________ I can’t.
5. The changes in the city will cost quite a lot, ________ they will save us money in the long run.
6.—Close the window, ________ you’ll catch a cold.
—OK, ________ you’d better not smoke.
(Check the answer with the whole class.)
1.or,but 2.but 3.and 4.but 5.but6.or, but
Step 6 Writing
T: Please look at the paragraph.(show)
Now complete the paragraph below with “and” or “ but”.
Cities are exciting, interesting places to live,1 I have always enjoyed living in them, as there is so much to do 2 see. There are museums, cinemas, theatres, art galleries, parks, coffee bars, clubs 3 many other places where people can meet 4 exchange ideas.5 there is time when I need the peace 6 quiet of the countryside. Cities are interesting, 7 they can be beautiful,8they are never beautiful in the way that the countryside is beautiful. By this I mean that they do not have the beauty of nature, trees 9 hills, lakes 10streams.I love cities,11 there are times when I need to get out into the countryside 12 get away from the noise, the dirt 13 the people. I think that there are many people who feel the same way.
(Get the Ss to read it and fill in the blanks. Check the answers with the whole class.)
1.and 2.and 3.and 4.and 5.but6.and 7.and 8.But 9.and 10.and11.but 12.and 13.and
T: Now please try to write a short paragraph to introduce a country, a city or a village. Use “and” and “but”.
Britain is in the northwest of Europe. Its official(正式的) name is the United Kingdom(王国) of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the U.K.)and it is made up of(由……组成) England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and some other smaller islands(岛屿).
The total area of the U. K. is 244 000 square kilometers and its population is about 55 million. About 46 million live in England.
The capital of Britain is London. It is a city of 8 million people. And it is one of the world’s most important financial(金融的) centers, and Britain’s main center of trade and communication. The West End(伦敦西区),famous for its shops, theatres and restaurants, attracts a great number of tourists every year. Other parts of London are often much poorer, especially the East End.
The British educational system is a complicated(复杂的) one, compared with(与……相比) the Chinese educational system. British higher education has a long history. There are over forty universities. The word-famous universities, Oxford and Cambridge, are the oldest dating(追溯) from 1167 and 1284.
Step 7 Homework
1. Complete the exercise in your books.
2. Read the paragraph of the writing.
3. Complete your writing.
Step 8 The Design of the Writing on the Blackboard
Module 4 A Social Survery —My
The Fifth Period
2. He finished the work three hours ago.
He has been through the work for 3 hours.
It is has been 3 hours since he finished the work.
Step 9 Activity and Inquiry
Write about where you live.
Steps Students’ Acting Teacher’s Organizing
1 Collect materials Tell how to do
2 Discuss Introduce how to write
3 Write Check