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6A. Unit 5. On the farm整理笔记

6A. Unit 5. On the farm整理笔记

分类:六年级英语教案   更新:2013/1/18   来源:网友提供

6A. Unit 5. On the farm整理笔记

Unit5Onthefarm一、词组。1.NationalDay(国庆日)2.theNationalDayholiday(国庆假期)3.lastweek(上个星期)/lastyear(去年)4.aftertheholiday(假期后)5.gotoschoolearly(很早上学)/early--late6.intheschoolplayground(在学校操场上)7.beforeclass(上课前

Unit 5 On the farm

一、词组。

1.       National Day(国庆日)


2.       the National Day holiday(国庆假期)

3.       last week(上个星期)/ last year(去年)

4.       after the holiday(假期后)

5.       go to school early(很早上学)/ early -- late

6.       in the school playground(在学校操场上)

7.       before class(上课前)/ before -- after

8.       watch a film with my parents(和我的父母一起去看电影)/ watched

9.       a funny cartoon(一部有趣的卡通片)/ funny(形容词)

10.    visit a farm with my family(和我的家人一起参观农场)/ visited

11.    on the farm(在农场里)

12.    water trees(浇树)/ watered

13.    pull up carrots(拔胡萝卜)/ pulled up

14.    milk cows(挤牛奶)/ milked

15.    That was fun!(那是件有趣的事!)/ fun(名词)

16.    collect eggs(收集鸡蛋)/ collected

17.    fruit trees(果树)

18.    pick a lot of oranges(摘许多橘子)/ picked

19.    taste them(品尝它们)/ tasted

20.    Wonderful!(太好了!)

21.    go to the farm(去农场)/ went

22.    at the weekends(在周末)

23.    watch cartoons(看动画片)/ watched

24.    visit the zoo(参观动物园)/ visited

25.    listen to music(听音乐)/ listened

26.    play football(踢足球)/ played

27.    play volleyball(打排球)/ played

28.    clean the house(打扫房子)/ cleaned

29.    visit Liu Tao’s grandparents(拜访刘涛的祖父母)/ visited

30.    camping trip(野营旅行)

31.    at a camp(在一个营地上)

32.    walk in the mountains(登山)/ walked

33.    cook a lot of food(做许多食物)/ cooked

34.    play a lot of games(玩许多游戏)/ played

35.    go camping(去野营)/ went

36.    plant flowers(种花)/ planted

37.    have a good time(玩得很高兴)/ had

二、语法。

1.一般过去时,表示动作或状态在过去时间里已经结束。通常在句子中会出现一些表示过去的时间状语。如:a moment ago, just now, this morning, yesterday, last week/year/night/…, two days ago, three hours ago, …等。

在一般过去时的句子中,谓语动词要用动词的过去式。第三单元中主要学习了be动词的过去式,本单元主要学习一些行为动词的过去式。

2.动词过去式的形式。

动词过去式的变化可分为规则的和不规则的两大类。

a. 规则动词的过去式,词尾变化有以下三种:

  1)一般情况下,直接在词尾加ed. 如:wash—washed, look—looked, climb—climbed

   2) 以不发音字母e结尾的,加d. 如:like—liked, dance—danced

   3)以辅音字母+y结尾的,变y为i再加ed. 如:study—studied

  b. 不规则动词的过去式变化没有什么规律。(应注意积累)如:

is/am—was, are—were, do—did, have/has—had, go—went, come—came, read—read,  sing—sang, make—made, take—took, eat—ate, drink—drank, run—ran, draw—drew, fly—flew, give—gave, drive—drove, buy—bought, meet—met, stop—stopped, carry—carried, put—put, write—wrote.

3. 规则动词过去式的词尾读音。

  1)在清辅音后读/t/  如:helped, liked, watched.

2) 在浊辅音和元音后读/d/  如:lived, listened.

  3) 在/t/和/d/的后面读/Id/  如:wanted, planted.

4.一般过去时的几种句子结构。

1)陈述句:

a.肯定句:主语+动词的过去式+其他。

如:I played football with my friends last Sunday.

  b.否定句:主语+助动词didn’t+动词原形+其他。

如:She didn’t go to school yesterday.

2) 一般疑问句:助动词Did+主语+动词原形+其他?

如:Did you read English last night?

3) 特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词What+助动词did+主语+动词原形+其他?

如:What did you do last week?

5. There be 句型的过去时态。

  1)肯定句:There was/were a/an/some …

  2) 否定句:There wasn’t/weren’t a/an/any …

  3) 一般疑问句: Was/Were there a/an/any …?

     回答:Yes, there was/were. / No, there wasn’t/weren’t.


6A. Unit 5. On the farm整理笔记

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